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@NVAccess it would be great to be able to run #NVDA on #Linux. As a developer this would help a lot to test pages for NVDA. I have tested with #wine to a small extent it works, so maybe is possible to make it work on wine.

https://appdb.winehq.org/objectManager.php?sClass=version&iId=41719


Dass in den Schulen immer noch überwiegend mit Windows gearbeitet wird, obwohl die Schülerinnen und Schüler mit GNU/Linux bestens zurechtkämen, verbuche ich inzwischen unter dem Stichwort »nationales Bildungsversagen«.

#linux #microsoft #schule #bildung #lehrer #eltern #FediLZ #medienkompetenz #kultusminister #kultusministerium


What is stopping a desktop environment from being packaged as a #flatpak? I only ever see apps and libraries packaged, but never desktops. Is it just impossible or does it just not make sense for desktop environments to be sandboxed?

#Linux


Thanks to all you developers out there adding brand colors to your apps over the past months we're almost ready to launch featured banners ✨

If you're an app maintainer and haven't done this yet for your app, here are the docs: https://docs.flathub.org/docs/for-app-authors/appdata-guidelines/quality-guidelines

To make it more interesting we're setting a deadline! We will be launching the new banners on April 20th, so for the possibility to be featured during the first week, update your apps today :)

#flathub #flatpak #gnome #kde #linux


Git Mastery Configuration (Dotfiles) & Advanced Subtrees Techniques.
#git #github #dotfiles #linux #configuration #guide
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e_miQ_jGcU4


TIL: UUIDs aren’t as persistent if the file system gets reformatted a bunch, e.g. on every boot as you’d do with an encrypted swap partition so it’s a better solution to go for the GPT partition PARTUUID instead

#linux #archlinux


Want to build your own lock screen widget or quick setting in #phosh? @arunmani explains how that works in https://phosh.mobi/posts/custom-plugins-dev/ 🛠️

#phosh #gtk #LinuxMobile #linux #mobile


So, this will be my last contribution to this thread, and, you, in particular. Not for lack of interest or an unwillingness to teach, but, you mentioned that Apple and or Microsoft, and, I'd even extend Google into this pool, that they have money so can dedicate resources to accessibility but there's a key thing they all do that, so far, few or even no distro or otherwise maintainer has done. Listen to the users without pointing the finger back at them. That requires no money. This is key. You say you want feedback and you really want to learn, but you actually dismissed other blind professionals in this thread, people with decades of experiences, and then told them, even, that they were wrong and that it works just fine for you, but then you said it yourself you're not disabled. You didn't listen, you immediately went on the defensive and then made us prove ourselves to you. Apple, and Microsoft, don't behave like this. They also understand that accessibility is as good as the tech infrastructure, and make it usable and accessible from the ground up. My biggest issue with you, and others like you, in the #Linux space, is that refuse to really, and I mean really, listen, to what experts are saying. I've used accessible Cocanut on a VM, and it is a good start. The point is that the ORCA infrastructure needs a lot of work and then some. You all really, and I mean really, need to understand why these bigger tech companies and even other #OpenSource developers actually take the time to get feedback from Disabled users, but not through pull requests or complicated ticket tracking. Come to where the lowest tech people are and get feedback, like these other tech companies do. I use a ton of fantastic #OpenSource tools on Windows because the devellopers actively engage with the community and don't just point and say learn tech! Or it works for me, even though you do not know how to use a screen reader properly. Listen instead of pointing. @gnomelibre @anantagd @objectinspace @techsinger @jorge


Just bought a #DELL 3190 laptop, new for $150 (11.6" screen, 64GB eMMC). It's fully supported on #Linux, and even if it has a Celeron N4120 CPU and only 4 GB of RAM, it'll work fine with #Mint, or #XFCE (and #Gnome/ #KDE if you don't mind some minor lag). Not opening too many browser tabs will ensure that the swap file won't get used too often.

If you're on a tight budget this is a good option, as it also has great battery life too at 10 hours with Linux.

#linuxmint #ubuntu #opensource #foss


I love how on #macOS when you intend to move a bunch of files to a folder, and when one file with the same name already exists in the destination, you're only given the option to stop the entire thing, to replace the existing file, or move anyway under a different name. Not a single option that just... idk... skip moving that one (or however many affected) file maybe? The best thing is, that stop option, the dialog that asks you gives you a checkmark option to "Apply to all" (unchecked by default) - bcos of this, a user unfamiliar with #Finder's brilliance might assume that "stop" simply means "skip" commonly found on other OS-es including #Windows and #Linux for file operations such as moving/copying, 'cept not, "stop" literally just stops doing anything.

Oh, also, you can't even enjoy what you have found to be so common such as doing a shift-click selection on Finder... unless you happen to be in the right "view" mode. That simple thing couldn't even just... work. I honestly can go on and on about how slow that piece of shit is at performing searches or copying/moving files, or how modifying all the ridiculous preferences take forever bcos they hide in multiple, nonsensical places when on #Dolphin for example, you get one nice menu with sensible tabs and options where you could do wtv needs doing in ~1 minute. Heck, even setting the default app to be used to open a certain file type requires a hidden shortcut that then opens up a stupid looking window at the edge of your screen with tiny af buttons and GOSH I CAN GO ON FOREVER.

Fuck Finder, honestly. I'd take that ugly ass #FileExplorer anyday of the week if it means I don't have to deal with Finder. Thank god I'm a Linux user, blessed with #KDE's Dolphin. I'm almost certain #Apple only hires interns for anything software over there.

Update: Found a fix! Just use the terminal ❤


Just waiting on a #Linux distro to become as accessible as Windows to the Blind, and then I'll switch, because yikes. Link at end. Until then, sorry Linux, you still fail at accessibility compared to Microsoft. It's a shame, too! https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/microsoft/new-windows-driver-blocks-software-from-changing-default-web-browser/


I am pulling together photo files for the family that goes as far as 20 years back, so there are lots of files.

I'd like to set up a #photo file #server on a #Linux machine on my home network (i.e., not exposed to the wider Internet) so that the pictures can easily be accessed. Key is the ability for the others to be able to access them from Windows, so perhaps a browser/web-based implementation might be best.

Any ideas? Tnx


Dnes si dovolím odkázať na veľmi vydarený český hlas pre hlasový výstup #TTS #RHVoice. Sám autor o tom píše tu: https://groups.io/g/Blind-android/message/1743 . O použití pre #Windows #Linux a #Android sa dočítate aj na jednoduchej komunitnej stránke https://hlas.ondrosik.sk/ . Gro používateľov sú ťažko zrakovo postihnutí používatelia, ktorí si bez kvalitného hlasového výstupu a čítača obrazovky nedokážu svoj digitálny život predstaviť, možno ale aj vám by sa mohol hodiť takýto hlas pre váš počítač či smartfón nezávislí od obrovských korporácií. Mohli by ste ho napr. použiť na čítanie kníh alebo počas navigácii cez GPS.


Big kudos to the Schleswig-Holstein!

Another German administration is breaking Microsoft’s glass cage, and at a first read the scope of this initiative seems more ambitious than many I’ve witnessed in the past.

Both the ArsTechnica article and the original announcement don’t include a few details to make better estimate on the possible success of this initiative though.

The announcement follows previously established plans to migrate the state government off Microsoft Office in favor of open source LibreOffice.


I hope that there’s a Web-based offering somewhere on the horizon. Fewer and fewer employees nowadays run Word/Excel directly on their machines. Most of them run Google Docs or use Microsoft’s office cloud. Giving them a stand-alone app which limits the possibilities for online collaboration may be met with resistance, especially now that many of them are already getting used to online AI assistants. I read that #NextCloud is involved - I hope there’s a plan to run #CollaboraOffice, which is more or less like running the LibreOffice engine as a service, #OnlyOffice or some equivalent alternative.

Due to the high hardware requirements of Windows 11, we would have a problem with older computers. With Linux we don’t have that


Very sensitive decision that will probably save taxpayers a lot of money. But it’d also be interested to know which #Linux distro has been selected. Hopefully the administration won’t repeat Munich’s past mistakes and it won’t try to build and maintain their own distro. Better get into talks with a popular distro (probably not Red Hat, but hey isn’t SuSE German?) and orchestrate a deal where the State funds its development, and in exchange it gets development support. It’s a win-win where a distro not managed by a giant like Red Hat or Canonical can get consistent direct funding from a public administration (that’s what many of us have been advocating for years anyway), and the local administration can enjoy the support of a well-documented distro like OpenSuSE, Mint, Pop_OS or Manjaro without having to reinvent the wheel and scramble for their own developers/packagers/maintainers, and minimizing the risk of going from one vendor lock-in (Microsoft) to another (IBM or Canonical).

The government will ditch Microsoft Sharepoint and Exchange/Outlook in favor of open source offerings Nextcloud and Open-Xchange, and Mozilla Thunderbird


Same issue as with LibreOffice: folks today are used to webmail and mobile apps. Thunderbird definitely fills the gap on the stand-alone side, especially now that it’s getting more love and support than before. But it still lacks an official mobile app - K-9 is almost there, but not nearly there yet. And it doesn’t solve the “I’m used to the GMail/Outlook interface and set all of my filters and do my advanced search from a webview” problem. There’s actually a big gap there. What’s a decent open webmail UI that can compete with GMail/Outlook nowadays? RoundCube feels ancient and it has barely changed in 15 years. SnappyMail is a bit better, and it’s what a use as a selected webmail client too, but it’s still lightyears behind GMail/Outlook. NextCloud Mail is slowly getting there, but it only integrates with a NextCloud solution. Let’s admit that there’s a gap that needs to be filled fast if we don’t want employees who have years of email muscle memory trained in specific environments to doom the project.

Schleswig-Holstein is also developing an open source directory service to replace Microsoft’s Active Directory and an open source telephony offering.


Please, don’t. Just don’t. A local administration, no matter how well-intentioned and initially well-funded, just won’t have the resources necessary to invent such big wheels. And, even if it somehow manages to bake something together, it’ll eventually be a patchy solution that they’ll have to maintain themselves for years to come, and that is unlikely to find adoption outside of its initial borders.

Invest into #OpenLDAP to fill the gaps left by ActiveDirectory on the LDAP side instead. That project needs a lot more love. And leverage WebDAV for almost everything else. If you are already planning to use NextCloud, it’ll already do a lot of the heavylifting for you on that side, without having to write new software or come up with new protocols.

Same for telephony. Looking into iPXE and other open implementations of the PXE and SIP protocols. Telephony protocols are hard and well-established, reinventing the wheel should be avoided at all costs.

I think there’s a lot of potential in initiatives like these, but only a clear definition of their scope and a clear plan of execution with continuous user feedback can help preventing something like the failure of the early Munich experiments.

https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2024/04/german-state-gov-ditching-windows-for-linux-30k-workers-migrating/


Oh snap! Good news, Linux users: we're adding the Thunderbird Snap, previously maintained by the awesome Ubuntu desktop team, to our officially supported Linux packages! 📦 🐧

Learn all about why we made the change, what it means and what to expect, and where to report issues in our blog post.

https://blog.thunderbird.net/2024/04/thundersnap-why-were-helping-maintain-the-thunderbird-snap-on-linux/

#Thunderbird #Linux #Snap


To #Linux or to #GNU? Linux is a kernel, not an operating system. There are not many other OSes with a Linux kernel. GNU, Android and Musl distributions are the most common if not the only ones. The rest are derivations of them. For example µClibc is a GNU implementation.


Schleswig-Holstein geht voran:

#LibreOffice statt M$ Office
#Linux statt Windows
#Thunderbird statt Outlook
#Nextcloud statt Sharepoint

Das Kabinett hat den Startschuss für den Umstieg auf freie Software gegeben - ein Gewinn für #IT-Sicherheit, #Datenschutz und die heimische Digitalwirtschaft.

Langfristiges Ziel ist die vollständige digitale Souveränität des Landes.

https://www.schleswig-holstein.de/DE/landesregierung/ministerien-behoerden/I/_startseite/Artikel2024/II/240403_digitalsouveraene_verwaltung.html

Wir ziehen den Hut und wünschen eine erfolgreiche Umsetzung!🎩

#OpenSource #DigitaleSouveränität


Somebody compiled KDE version 1 on Debian #Linux 13. It is a miracle that you can even able to compile it. Source https://www.reddit.com/r/unixporn/comments/1buqeeo/kde_112_kde_1_compiled_on_debian_13_trixie/ #opensource


Question! Why should local governments use taxpayers’ money to buy proprietary, closed software from a single vendor? And what happens to citizens' data? A solution is to move to free and open source software like #Linux and #LibreOffice – which is exactly what Schleswig-Holstein is doing: https://blog.documentfoundation.org/blog/2024/04/04/german-state-moving-30000-pcs-to-libreoffice/ #foss #OpenSource #privacy


Have you seen @nextcloud AI Assistant 2.0?

You can now chat about your own documents and data, use GPU acceleration, transcribe audio with Whisper, use your own LLMs, and a ton more integrations and new features.

All #open-source 😀

Boosts appreciated 🙏

https://nextcloud.com/blog/nextcloud-releases-assistant-2-0-and-pushes-ai-as-a-service/

#AI #mastodon #Linux #Foss #OSS


What’s your favorite keyboard shortcut for #Linux, #macOS, and #Unix systems?
Mine is ^L and ^R


Hello fedi! I'm making my own immutable distro, and I've got some questions:

  • what should I use to build? I was thinking bluebuild hut it might be more trouble than it saves, as I need to do stuff like add an extra btrfs subvolume on install, and I'd like a custom gtk4 installer.
  • other than that, assuming I use bluebuild for now, would a structure like this work?
  • core - has core system stuff, like kernel, bootloader, etc. Included in image, needs reboot to apply
  • other/system - has other stuff like system flatpaks, config files, anything that doesn't need a reboot to change
    Each would be cached so only core or other would be rebuilt depending on the last value.
  • other would use an overlay inside a btrfs sub volume. I was thinking I apply changes directly to the subvolume and rollback if they interrupt or an error occurs, but now I'm thinking a power cut or other force shutdown might mess that up.

Any thoughts would be appreciated, thanks! You're helping to shape QuadOS! QuadOS currently has the following devs: Me, @Heliguy, and @winsdominoes. It aims to be like NixOS, but using flatpaks, and hopefully less janky.

#distro #linux #immutable #immutableOS #quadOS


A Windows user, a Mac user, and a Linux user walk into a bar.

➡️ The #Windows user orders a beer and gets into a fight over how bloated the selection is.

➡️ The #Mac user orders the most expensive single-origin craft cocktail and smugly admires its minimalist design.

➡️ The #Linux user installs a whole brewery in the corner and declares free drinks for everyone, but then spends the rest of the night explaining why their homemade brew is objectively superior.


I am working on a GTK/#Relm4 password manager already 😎
But it is a client for #BitWarden/#VaultWarden only.
You want to build a local one?

#GTK #Rust #rustlang #GNOME #Linux #Ubuntu #Linux #Fedora #OpenSUSE #Debian


Are you experienced with GTK and Rust ? :gnome: ❤️ :rust:

We are looking to contract someone to work on the new GNOME Password Manager 🔑

We want it to become a core/default app and help secure millions of users.

You'll be working with the GNOME Foundation, a non-profit dedicated to building emancipatory technologies for everyone.

Please send resume / portfolio to stf@gnome.org

Boosts welcome :boost_love:

#GTK #Rust #rustlang #GNOME #Linux #Ubuntu #Linux #Fedora #OpenSUSE #Debian


Junction 1.8 is out ✨

Junction pops up automatically when you open a file or link to let you choose which app to open with.

https://flathub.org/apps/re.sonny.Junction

The highlight of this version is better mobile and touch support :linux: 📱

Plus, the app is now verified on Flathub and has a "High quality app data" rating.

#GNOME #GTK #Flatpak #Flathub #LinuxMobile #Linux


Witnessing @cas getting OnePlus 8 display working on Linux 📱:postmarketos: :linux:

This is magic 🧙

#postmarketOS #Linux #hardwareEnablement #deGrowth


I think a LOT of people are missing the fact that we got LUCKY with this malicious backdoor.

The backdoor was created by an Insider Threat - by a developer / maintainer of various linux packages. The backdoor was apparently pushed back on March 8th (I believe) and MADE IT PAST all QA checks.

Let me state that again. Any quality assurance, security checks, etc., failed to catch this.

This was so far upstream, it had already gotten into the major Linux distributions. It made it into Debian pre-release, Fedora rolling, OpenSUSE rolling, Kali rolling, etc.

This is an example of Supply Chain Security that CISOs love to talk and freak out about. This is an example of an Insider Threat that is the boogey man of corporate infosec.

A couple more weeks, and it would have been in many major distributions without any of us knowing about it.

The ONLY reason we know about it is because @AndresFreundTec got curious about login issues and some benchmarking checks that had nothing to do with security and ran the issue down and stumbled upon a nasty mess that was trying to remain hidden.

It was luck.

That's it. We got lucky this time.

So this begs the question. Did the malicious insider backdoor anything else? Are they working with anyone else who might have access to other upstream packages? If the QA checks failed to find this specific backdoor by this specific malicious actor, what other intentional backdoors have they missed?

And before anyone goes and blames Linux (as a platform or as a concept), if this had happened (if it HAS happened!!!) in Windows, Apple, iOS, etc.... we would not (or will not) know about it. It was only because all these systems are open source that Andres was able to go back and look through the code himself.

Massive props and kudos and all the thank yours to Andres, those who helped him, to all the Linux teams jumping on this to fix it, and to all the folks on high alert just before this Easter weekend.

I imagine (hope) that once this gets cleaned up, there will be many fruitful discussions around why this passed all checks and what can be changed to prevent it from happening again.

(I also hope they run down any and all packages this person had the signing key for....)

#infosec #hacking #cve #cve20243094 #linux #FOSS


I learnt something important about Linux audio last night.

I noticed that I had no sound in X-Plane 12 (a flight simulator) while also being in a Discord call in Firefox. Apparently, certain FMOD applications check if PulseAudio is installed and fall back to ALSA if it isn't. Now, I have PipeWire installed to fix the mess that is Linux audio once and for all. So TECHNICALLY PulseAudio is not installed. And that's exactly what X-Plane detected, which then tried to gain complete control over the sound hardware through ALSA, which it couldn't.

The "fix" was to symlink `/bin/pulseaudio` to `/bin/true` to make it look like PulseAudio is available which tricked X-Plane into going through PulseAudio (and therefore through PipeWire) instead.

That was one of the weirdest problems I've ever encountered.

#linux #audio #xplane #xplane12 #discord #firefox #alsa #pulseaudio #pipewire #fmod #flightsim


https://boehs.org/node/everything-i-know-about-the-xz-backdoor

I have begun a post explaining this situation in a more detailed writeup. This is updating in realtime, and there is a lot still missing.

#security #xz #linux


Unfolding now: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=39865810

- https://www.openwall.com/lists/oss-security/2024/03/29/4
- https://github.com/tukaani-project/xz/commit/cf44e4b7f5dfdbf8c78aef377c10f71e274f63c0

An incredibly technically complex #backdoor in xz (potentially also in libarchive and elsewhere) was just discovered. This backdoor has been quietly implemented over years, with the assistance of a wide array of subtly interconnected accounts:

- https://github.com/tukaani-project/xz/commit/ee44863ae88e377a5df10db007ba9bfadde3d314
- https://bugs.debian.org/cgi-bin/bugreport.cgi?bug=1067708
- https://github.com/jamespfennell/xz/pull/2

The timeline on this is going to take so long to unravel

#security #linux


🚨 ⚠️ Emergency PSA: A critical security exploit was discovered in the xz package recently, used for compression and decompression on nearly all Linux distributions.

Rawhide users ARE impacted and should immediately STOP using Rawhide until the package update is fully rolled back. (1/3)

Security Advisory: https://www.redhat.com/en/blog/urgent-security-alert-fedora-41-and-rawhide-users

#Fedora #Linux #OpenSource #Security #Privacy


You may have seen the “Verified” badge on apps from Flathub which shows that the developer has proven ownership of their app, e.g. via their website or code host.

With great adoption (nearly 1,000 verified apps!), we’re trying something out to help with transparency:

⚠️ Unverified

If you see this, it flags that the app has not been verified by its developer—it’s effectively a community-maintained package.

#Flathub #Flatpak #Linux


As of yesterday, I am officially maintaining the XDG Specifications (yes, yes, I make questionable choices ^^).
This means, if there's anything I should have a look at, or if you want to propose any addition/change, you know who to ping now! (even better if a MR/patch is attached, of course)
Thanks to everyone working on Freedesktop integration and projects, you rock!
#xdg #freedesktop #linux

https://lists.freedesktop.org/archives/xdg/2024-March/014687.html